The load, including all systems for load securing and loading devices, must be stored and secured so that they cannot slip, fall over, roll around, fall down or cause preventable noise in the event of full braking or sudden dodging. State of the art applicable regulations must be observed.”
“Load securing on road vehicles”. Obligations of the driver (lorry/truck drivers) include:
Informing the loading staff in regard to the load distribution (safety)
Checking the load securing (transport safety) and load distribution before setting of
Adapting the driving to the load. “The driver must adapt the style of driving so that he control the vehicle.In particular, he must also take into account the road, traffic, view and weather conditions, the driving properties of the vehicle and the influences from the load.”
Checking and improving, where applicable, load securing during transport. The driver must in any case also check the securing of the load in accordance
safespan offers a serial of products for load securing: lashing straps, lashing chains,lashing ropes and lashing nets with all accessories,
Lashing straps :
this is the most popular products made from polyester fabric sewing in Ratchet buckle and end accories according to DIN EN 12195-2
1.cost-effective and easy to use,fitted quickly and easily.
2.resist high drag, are lightweight,
3.protect the surface, and have a long durability.
4.Rot-resistant, rust-free, hardly absorb humidity and extremely firm
Lashing belts are also used in internal transportation.when choise this type lashing The following safety regulations must be observed
1.2 Lashing chains
Lashing chains in accordance with EN 12195-3 (minimum break stress 800 N/mm2). They have a minimum breaking strain of 20%, ensure longevity and are designed for top performance despite lightweight production. Lashing chains are especially suitable for very heavy loads, in particular on flat bed trailers If the lashing chains are placed over the load during frictional lashing, edge protection elements must be used to prevent the load from being damaged by the chains
1.3 Lashing wire ropes
Lashing wire ropes manufactured in accordance with DIN EN 12195-4 and VDI 2700ff are another alternative for perfect load securing. Lashing ropes are pliant and can be very well passed around loads. They are recommended for compressable goods Lashing wire ropes are suitable for all lashing types and are easily adjusted in connection with spanner nuts and chain hoists. They are popular when vehicles are fitted with hoisting winches. Always ensure the required edge protection here, too.
What affect the load during transport?
2 Friction, coefficient of friction μ
The friction factor plays an important role in load securing. Frictions take effect between the goods and load surface. It is physically expressed by the μ coefficient of friction. But how must this value, which is stated in the table on page 90, can be taken into account for load securing?
Pre-tension force STF
Various ratchet types are used for load securing. Apart from ergonomic and functional differences, the achievable pre-tension force is the main distin- guishing property. With a standard rat- chet, a pre-tension force of 250 - 350 daN can be achieved. With the long levered hoist ratchets you can achieve a pre-tension force of 500 to 1000 daN. The amount of the introduced pre-ten- sion force determines the number of frictional lashings required. Your benefit lies thus in the fact that, when using long levered hoist ratchets for frictional lashing, up to 70% less lashing devices are required.
The lashing angle a is between the loading surfcace and the lashing devices; it should be at least 35°. For frictional lashing, the number of excess tension mainly depends on this angle. The greater the angle a, the less excess tension is required. for your load You can achieve the best results with an angle 90°. If the angle is not known, the most unfavourable condition (angle35°) should be assumed. Angles below 35° are not economical and should be avoided. When establishing the angles, our protractor can help - just read off its markings and you have all the relevant details.
Coefficient of friction µ (also coefficient of kinetic friction)
Whether a load (e.g. when braking) slips or not, also depends on the consistency of the contact surfaces between the load and the load surface. In load securing this is known as the coefficient of kinetic friction µ. For many material pairs, there are tables for the coefficient of kinetic friction based on tests (see Coefficient of kinetic friction table p. 90 or DIN EN 12915-1).With the help of the blocking method of diagonal lashing, very heavy loads can be lashed and secured. Depending on the consistency of the load, the diagonal lashing can be designed in very different variants. The required securing forces are provided during trans- portation thanks to load packing. As the lashing devices directly absorb the forces resulting from the movement of the vehicle (acceleration, deceleration and centrifugal forces), the permissible lashing capacity in the direct load is the basis for the calculation.For diagonal lashing, the lashing devices are fitted onto the lashing points on the lorry and the end points of the load. Because the permissible load capacity is not to be reduced through high pretension forces, the belts are tightened by hand only for diagonal lashing contrary to frictional lashing (at max. 10% of the LC).
For diagonal lashing, the premissible load capacity of the lashing devices depends on the size of the lashing angles and.The lashing angle a is the vertical angle between the load surface and lashing devices; it should range from 20° to 65°. The horizontal angle b is the angle between the vehicle longitudinal direction and the lashing devices, and should range from 6°to55°.
Please just read off the permissible load capacities required for the lashing devices for your load weight.
Cargo lashing are light, quick, efficient and no damage goods. It is widely used in transport, shifting, and moving goods.
Kind of Cargo lashing
Type F Floating End Fitting Cargo Lashing
Type S Single pcs End less Cargo lashing
Type D Two Pic Cargo lashing
LENGTH OF CARGO LASHING
Type D (Two Pcs)
Type S (Endless Type)
1 Working load Limited (WLL) required
2 Two-part (Type D) or Endless System (Type S)
3 Color and the width of the webbing
4 Fixed length and overall length
5 Type(s)of end terminals
6.Pretection (if needed)
Sharp Edge Lashing Webbing protection:
Better distribution of pressure
Higher durability of lashing systems
Easy to handle and load-protective
PU-ARS-Abrasion protection tube
edge protection with feed-in slit
Edge protection underlay
Edge protection hose, PES webbing protection hose,